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[GreenYes] FW: [Pharmwaste] RE: Testing Leachate for Pharmaceuticals



þ Pete Pasterz, NCQRP

Cabarrus County Recycling and HHW

PO BOX 707

Concord, NC  28026

If you're not for ZERO Waste, how much Waste ARE you for?


From: pharmwaste-bounces@no.address [mailto:pharmwaste-bounces@no.address] On Behalf Of Marta Keane
Sent: Wednesday, September 17, 2008 4:04 PM
To: pharmwaste@no.address
Cc: Meghan McCutcheon; tgaworski@no.address; Pat Livingstone; Stephen Musson; MBuckman@no.address; Sedona Recycles; maureen.reilly@no.address; Marlene Rayner
Subject: [Pharmwaste] RE: Testing Leachate for Pharmaceuticals


From: Topp, Ed [mailto:toppe@no.address]

Sent: Wednesday, September 17, 2008 2:51 PM

To: Marta Keane; cmetcalfe@no.address

Subject: RE: Testing Leachate for Pharmaceuticals

There is a lot more in the research literature on the concentrations and the fate of pharmaceuticals in sewage treatment plant effluent, and in biosolids. But a quick search of the literature reveals the following:

Musson, S. E., & Townsend, T. G. (2008). Pharmaceutical compound content of municipal solid waste. Journal of Hazardous Materials, Retrieved from  

Slack, R. J., Gronow, J. R., & Voulvoulis, N. (2005). Household hazardous waste in municipal landfills: Contaminants in leachate. Science of the Total Environment, 337(1-3), 119-137. Retrieved from  

Ahel, T., Mijatović, I., Matošić, M., & Ahel, M. (2004). Nanofiltration of a landfill leachate containing pharmaceutical intermediates from vitamin C production. Food Technology and Biotechnology, 42(2), 99-104. Retrieved from

Barnes, K. K., Christenson, S. C., Kolpin, D. W., Focazio, M. J., Furlong, E. T., Zaugg, S. D., et al. (2004). Pharmaceuticals and other organic waste water contaminants within a leachate plume downgradient of a municipal landfill. Ground Water Monitoring and Remediation, 24(2), 119-126. Retrieved from  

Schwarzbauer, J., Heim, S., Brinker, S., & Littke, R. (2002). Occurrence and alteration of organic contaminants in seepage and leakage water from a waste deposit landfill. Water Research, 36(9), 2275-2287. Retrieved from  

Ahel, M., Mikac, N., Cosovic, B., Prohic, E., & Soukup, V. (1998). The impact of contamination from a municipal solid waste landfill (zagreb, croatia) on underlying soil. Water Science and Technology, 37(8), 203-210. Retrieved from  

Bjerg, P. L. (1995). Occurrence and distribution of pharmaceutical organic compounds in the groundwater downgradient of a landfill (grindsted, denmark). Environmental Science and Technology, 29(5), 1415-1420. Retrieved from  

Regards, Ed Topp


From: Marta Keane [mailto:mkeane@no.address]

Sent: Wednesday, September 17, 2008 3:43 PM

To: cmetcalfe@no.address; Topp, Ed

Subject: Testing Leachate for Pharmaceuticals

Yesterday, I sent the following question to a list-serve. Maureen Reilly referred me to you for possible research on this topic. Any insight is greatly appreciated.

Over the past ten years, have there been any studies of the liquid that comes out of landfills, known as leachate, to learn the amount of pharmaceuticals it contains? Have there been any studies or further testing of the treated leachate that eventually is released into fresh water sources, such as streams and rivers?

Marta Keane, Recycling Program Specialist

Will County Land Use - Waste Services

58 E. Clinton Street, Suite 500

Joliet, IL 60432



Recycle at home and at work!


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