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[GreenYes] ENDS: Nordic tax review highlights green gains

Alan ~

Here is something related to my last email that I think deserves our serious contemplation. I recognize that there are differences in Nordic society as compared to US society that limits our ability to move ahead with green taxes, but, as I noted in a previous email, even Parade magazine carried an article last Sunday recommending that readers contact their federal legislators and ask for a carbon tax.


----- Original Message -----
From: Michael Warhurst <mailto:michael@no.address>

Sent: Friday, June 30, 2006 3:27 AM
Subject: [waste.workinggroup] ENDS: Nordic tax review highlights green gains

The review (link at end of story) includes landfill and incineration taxes & other waste-related taxes.


Nordic tax review highlights green gains
ENDS Europe DAILY 2127, 29/06/06
Green taxes recently introduced in Nordic countries have achieved
some remarkable environmental improvements, according to a new study
for the Nordic council of ministers.

Energy and carbon taxes in particular have made an "important
difference to emission levels," says the review, carried out by
Denmark's national environmental research institute. The findings
cover the use of economic instruments in the Nordic and Baltic
countries between 2001 and 2005.

A Danish tax on carbon dioxide has cut emissions by almost a quarter
over seven years, the authors say. In other environmental sectors, a
Finnish waste tax reduced waste volumes by 15%. Taxes were
particularly effective for heavier waste fractions.

"Softer" mechanisms associated with taxes, such as "general
signalling and attention-raising effects", are probably as effective
as the economic aspects of the taxes themselves in encouraging
eco-friendly practices, the report says.

Environmental levies account for 8-10% of taxation income in the
Nordic countries, according to the report. A recent decision by
Estonia to increase environmental taxes while reducing income taxes
mirrors similar developments in Sweden and bucks a wider EU trend of
declining environmental tax levels (EED 23/05/06

The report identifies the recent launch of the EU Emission Trading
Scheme (ETS) and the adoption of the EU's 2003 energy tax directive
as the most important recent developments. The ETS in particular had
created an "expectation for further innovations in this direction",
it said.

The fifth in a regular series since 1994, the report is the first to
cover the Nordic region's neighbouring Baltic states of Lithuania,
Latvia and Estonia.

Follow-up: Nordic Council of Ministers, tel.: +45 33 96
02 00, plus press release <;lang=6> &#38;lang=6 and
report (both
in English).
Article Index: economic instruments, general

Dr. A. Michael Warhurst
Senior Campaigner, Reduce Resource Use
Friends of the Earth
26-28 Underwood Street
London N1 7 JQ

Email: michael@no.address
Direct line: +44 20 7566 1685

Support Friends of the Earth

These personal opinions do not necessarily reflect the policy of Friends of the Earth.

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