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[GRRN] Why people recycling bibliography

Sorry folks - not sure how this will translate but didn't think I should send an
attachement.  Please note that John Reindl was the person who put this
bibliography together!  His email is in the cc:ed section above.

Christine McCoy

Manager, Fiber Recovery and Utilization
American Forest and Paper Association
Phone: 202/463-2777
Fax: 202/463-5171

Literature on Citizen Attitudes on Recycling

Ackerman, F.  (1997)  Why Do We Recycle?  Markets, Values and Public Policy, 
Washington, DC, Island Press,  1997.

Ackerman, Frank.  "Recycling:  Looking Beyond the Bottom Line",  BioCycle, May
1997, pp 67-70.

Adamec, Barbara.  "Volume-Based Collection Fees:  A Success Story",  Resource
Recycling, March, 1991. As cited in PAYT.

Alderden, Jim.  "Volume-Based Rates, Dream or Nightmare?"  Recycling Today,.
November 1990. As cited in PAYT.

Andersen, Katya.  "Communities Weigh Merits of Variable Rates: Residents' Fees
for Garbage Disposals",  World Wastes,  November 1992. As cited in PAYT.

Berger, Ida E.  "The Demographics of Recycling and the Structure of
Environmental Behavior."  Environment and Behavior,  July 1997, 29:4, pp.

Biddle, David.  "Recycled Paper Market Update",  BioCycle,  March 1998, pp. 

BioCycle Guide to Maximum Recycling,  Staff of BioCycle. (Eds.),  The JG Press
Inc.,  Emmaus, PA, 1993. 

Boerner, Christopher and Kenneth Chilton.  "False Economy:  The Folly of
Demand-Side Recycling."  Environment, January/February 1994, 36: 1,  pp. 7-15.

Boerner, Christopher.  "Recycling: What a Waste?"  American Enterprise, 
March/April 1994,  pp. 14-18.

Cook, Stuart W. and Joy L. Berrenberg.  "Approaches to Encouraging Conservation
Behavior:  A Review and Conceptual Framework",  Journal of Social Issues,  1981,
37: 73-107.

Derksen, L. and Gartrell, J.  (1993)  "The Social Context of Recycling", 
American Sociological Review, Vol. 58, pp 434-442.

DeYoung, R. (1986)  "Some Psychological Aspects of Recycling: The Structure of
Conservation Satisfactions",  Environment and Behavior, Vol. 18, No. 4, pp

DeYoung, R. (1996)  "Some Psychological Aspects of Reduced Consumption Behavior:
The Role of Intrinsic Satisfaction and Competence Motivation",  Environment and
Behavior, Vol. 28, No. 3, pp. 358-409.

DeYoung, Raymond and Sally Boerschig, et al.  "Recycling in Multi-Family
Dwellings: Increasing Participation and Decreasing Contamination",  Population
and Environment, 1995, 16: 3, pp. 253-267.

DeYoung, Raymond and Andrew Duncan, et al.  "Promoting Source Reduction
Behavior:  The Role of Motivational Information",  Environment and Behavior, 
January 1993, 25: 1,  pp. 70-85.

DeYoung, Raymond.  "Changing Behavior and Making It Stick:  The
Conceptualization and Management of Conservation Behavior",  Environment and
Behavior,  March 1993, 25: 3, pp. 485-505.

DeYoung, Raymond.  "Exploring the difference between recyclers and
non-recyclers: The role of information.  Journal of Environmental Systems, 
1988-1989,  18: 341-351.

Drulak, Joseph and Brabec, George, Assessing Attitudes and Behaviors Regarding
Recycling: Results of a Telephone Survey, Loyola University, Chicago, IL, 18
pages, 1983

Folz, David H.  "Recycling Program Design, Management, and Participation: A
National Survey of Municipal Experience",  Public Administration Review, 
May/June 1991, 51: 3,  pp. 222-231.

Folz, David H. and Joseph M. Hazlett.  "Public Participation and Recycling
Performance:  Explaining Program Success",  Public Administration Review, 
November/December 1991, 51: pp. 526-532.

Fullerton, Don and Kinnaman, Thomas.  "Household Demand for Garbage and
Recycling Collection with the Start of a Price per Bag",  National Bureau of
Economic Research Working Paper #4670, March 1994. As cited in PAYT.

Gamba, R. and Oskamp, S.  (1994)  "Factors Influencing Community Residents'
Participation in Commingled Curbside Recycling Programs",  Environment and
Behavior, Vol. 26, No. 5, pp. 587-612.

Gene Kroupa & Associates, Wisconsinites Willing to Pay for Recycling, Madison,
WI, 1 page, October 16, 1990

Gerstman + Meyers, Consumer Solid Waste. Awareness Attitude and Behavior Study
II, New York, NY, 38 pages, July, 1990

Getchell, Karen.  "Seattle RecyclingRevisited",  BioCycle,  October 1995: 

Gies, Glenda.  "Nova Scotia on Track to 50 Percent Diversion",  BioCycle,  March
1998:  50-53.
Glenn, Jim.  "The State of Garbage in America",  BioCycle,  April 1998: 32-43.

Guagnano, Gregory A., Stern, Paul C. And Thomas Dietz.  "Influences on Attitude
Behavior Relationships:  A Natural Experiment with Curbside Recycling", 
Environment and Behavior,  September 1995,  27:5, pp. 699-718.

Hill, Ronald Paul, (Ed.) Marketing and Consumer Research in the Public Interest.
 Chapter 11:  "Using Marketing and Advertising Principles to Encourage
Pro-Environmental Behaviors",  Shrum, L.J., et al.  Sage Public, Inc. Thousand
Oaks, CA, 1996. 

Hines, J., Hungerford, H. and Tomera, A.  (1986/87)  "Analysis and Synthesis of
Research on Responsible Environmental Behavior: A Meta-Analysis",  Journal of
Environmental Education, Vol. 18, No. 2, pp. 1-8.

Hong, Seonghoon.  "An Economic Analysis of Household Recycling of Solid Wastes:
The Case of Portland, Oregon." Ph.D. Dissertation. Department of Agriculture and
Resource Economics, Ohio State University. November 21, 1991.  As cited in PAYT.

Hopper, J. and Nielsen, J. (1991)  "Recycling as Altruistic Behavior: Normative
and Behavioral Strategies to Expand Participation in a Community Recycling
Program",  Environment and Behavior, Vol. 23, No. 2, pp. 195-220.

Hornik, J., J. Cherian, M. Madansky and C. Narayana (1995): "Determinants of
recycling behavior: a synthesis of research results", The Journal of
Socio-Economics, 24(1), 105-127.

Horrigan, Alice and Jim Motavalli.  "Talking Trash",  E Magazine,  March/April
1997, pp. 29-35.

Howenstine, Erick.  "Market Segmentation for Recycling",  Environment and
Behavior,  January 1993, 25:1, pp. 86-102.

Internet:  Seattle Public Utilities.

Internet:  Environmental Protection Agency.  Pay as you throw program.

Internet:  Reason Foundation.

Internet:  Washington Utilities Transportation Commission.

Internet:  Oregon State Department of Environmental Quality.

International City/County Management Association.  "Special Data Issue:  Selling
Recyclables:  Local Government as Entrepreneurs",  ICMA, Washington D.C., 1997.

Katzev, R.D. and Mishima, H.  "The use of posted feedback to promote recycling",
 Psychological Reports,  1992,  71:259-264.

Korot, Matt, et. al, A Study of the Impact of Outreach Treatments on Recycling
Behavior in Low
Participation Neighborhoods. A Joint Project of the City of Troutdale, City of
Milwaukie, City of
Gresham, Clackamas County and Washington County, Gresham, Oregon, 17 pages, June
1999 (available from the author at

Krause, Daniel.  "Environmental Consciousness:  An Empirical Study", 
Environment and Behavior.  January 1993,  25:1, pp. 126-142.

Lambert, Abigail F.  "Rate Proposal for a Weight-Based Pricing System for
Residential Waste Collection in Durham, North Carolina",  Master's Project,
School of the Environment, Duke University, 1991.

Lansana, Florence.  "Distinguishing Potential Recyclers from Nonrecyclers:  A
Basis for Developing Recycling Strategies",  Journal of Environmental Education,
 1992,  23:  16-23.

Leite, L.E.C.  "Government and Non-government Provision of Solid Waste
Management."  Paper sponsored by the UN Centre for Regional Development and
Indonesia Ministry of Public Works, Bandung, Indonesia,  February 1991.  As
cited in UMP, 1994.

The Metropolitan Service District. (METRO).  "Success with Multifamily
Recycling:  A Handbook for Owners and Managers",  Portland, Oregon,  April 1992.

Miedema, Allen K.  "Fundamental Economic Comparisons of Solid Waste Policy
Options",  Resources and Energy,  Vol. 5. 1983.

New York State Department of Environmental Conservation and Cornell Cooperative
Extension.  "Multi-Residence Recycling Guide."  Division of Solid Waste, Bureau
of Waste Reduction and Recycling,  Albany, NY, telephone (518) 457-7337.

Oskamp, Stuart.  "Resource Conservation and Recycling:  Behavior and Policy", 
Journal of Social Issues,  1995, 51: 4, pp.157-177.

Oskamp, S., Harrington, M., Edwards, T., Sherwood, D., Okuda, S., and Swanson,
D. (1991)  "Factors Influencing Household Recycling Behavior",  Environment and
Behavior, 23, pp. 494-519.

Oskamp, S., Burkhardt, R., Schultz, P., Hurin, S. and Zelezny, L.  (1998) 
"Predicting Three Dimensions of Residential Curbside Recycling: An Observational
Study",  The Journal of Environmental Education, Vol. 29, No. 2, pp.37-42.

Oskamp, Stuart and P. Wesley Schultz.  "Effort as a Moderator of the
Attitude-Behavior Relationship:  General Environmental Concern and Recycling", 
Social Psychology Quarterly,  1996.
59: 4, pp.375-383.

Pacific Energy Institute, for the City of Mercer Island.  "Multi-Family
Residence Recycling Guide:  A How-to guide for Recycling Condominiums and
Apartment Buildings",  Seattle, WA, telephone (206)628-0460.

Palmer, Karen L., Walls, Margaret A. and Hilary Sigman.  "A Modest Proposal", 
Resources,  1997.  Resources for the Future,  Washington,  D.C.  Internet:

Palmer, Karen L.  "Putting a Price on Solid Waste Reduction",  Resources. 
Spring 1997.  Excerpted from:  "The Cost of Reducing Municipal Solid Waste", 
Discussion Paper 91-35.  Sept. 1996.

Platt, Brenda, et al.  Beyond 40 Percent: Record Setting Recycling and
Composting Programs,  Institute for Local Self-Reliance,  Island Press, 
Washington D.C., 1991.

Reschovsky, James D. and Sarah E. Stone.  "Household Waste Recycling",  Journal
of Policy Analysis & Management,  Winter 1994,  13: 1, pp.120-139.

Richard, Bill.  "Recycling in Seattle Sets National Standard but is Hitting
Snags",  Wall Street Journal,  August 3, 1993.    

Rockwood Research, Recycling & Waste Management Survey, September 1996, Saint
Paul, Minnesota (results available from Rick Person, City of St. Paul,

Scarlett, Lynn.  "Mandates or Incentives? Comparing Packaging Regulations with
User Fees for Trash Collection",  Reason Foundation publication No. 158, May

Schwartz, Shalom.  "Temporal Instability as a Moderator of the Attitude-Behavior
Relationship."  Journal of Personality and Social Psychology,.  1978,  vol. 36,
pp. 715-724.

Scott, D. (1999)  "Equal Opportunity, Unequal Results: Determinants of Household
Recycling Intensity",  Environment and Behavior, Vol. 31, No. 2, pp. 267-290.

Shultz, P. Wesley, Oskamp, Stuart and Tina Mainieri.  "Who Recycles and When: A
Review of Personal and Situational Factors."  Journal of Environmental
Psychology,  1995, vol. 15, pp  105-121.

Sicular, D[aniel] T. "Pockets of Peasants in Indonesian Cities: The Case of
Scavengers." World Development,  1991, 19:(2/3).  As cited in UMP, 1994.    

Simmons, D. and Widmar, R. (1990a)  "Motivations and Barriers to Recycling:
Toward a Strategy for Public Education",  The Journal of Environmental
Education, Vol. 22, No. 1, pp13-18.

Simmons, D. and Widmar, R.  (1990b)  "Participation in Household Solid Waste
Reduction Activities: The Need for Public Education",  The Journal of
Environmental Systems, Vol. 19, No. 4, pp. 323-330.

Skumatz, Lisa A.  "Nationwide Diversion Rate Study-Quantitative Effects of
Program Choices on Recycling and Green Waste Diversion: Beyond Case Studies." 
Reason Foundation Los Angeles, CA and Skumatz Economic Research Associates, Inc.
(SERA), Seattle, WA.  October 1996,  Policy Study No. 214, pp. 1-23.

Stern, P.C. and Stuart Oskamp.  "Managing scarce environmental resources",  In
I. Altman and D. Stokols (Eds.) Handbook of environmental psychology, New York,
Wiley, 1987, pp. 1044-1088.

Steuteville, Robert.  "Curbside Recycling in its Glory",  BioCycle,  July 1995,
pp. 44-51.

Steuteville, Roberts.  "Dramatic Results from Weight-Based Fees",  BioCycle, 
March 1997, pp. 36-38.  
Taylor, Shirley and Peter Todd.  "An Integrated Model of Waste Management
Behavior:  A Test of Household Recycling and Composting Intentions." 
Environment and Behavior,  September 1995,  27:5, pp. 603-630.

Thøgersen, John.  "Recycling and Morality:  A Critical Review of the
Literature",  Environment and Behavior,  July 1996,  28:4, pp. 536-558.

Urban Management Program (UMP).  "Private Sector Participation in Municipal
Solid Waste Services in Developing Countries."  1994.  Vol. 1.  The Formal
Sector.  World Bank.  Washington D.C.

US EPA, Multimaterial Source Separation in Marblehead and Somerville,
Massachusetts. Citizen Attitudes Toward Source Separation. Volume V, pulication
SW-825, 37 pages, 1979

UW-Oshkosh Urban Studies Club, Refuse Collection Study, Oshkosh, WI, 12 pages,
May, 1988 (a survey of citizen attitudes)

Van Liere, K. and Dunlap, R.E.  "The social bases of environmental concern:  A
review of hypotheses, explanations, and empirical evidence,  Public Opinion
Quarterly,  1980, 44:  181-197.

Van Liere, K. "Environmental Concern: Does it make a difference how it's
measured?",  Environment and Behavior,  1981, 13: 651-676.

Vining, J. and Ebreo, A. (1989)  "An Evaluation of the Public Response to a
Community Recycling Education Program",  Society and Natural Resources, Vol. 2,
pp. 23-36.

Vining, J., and Ebreo, A. (1990)  "What Makes A Recycler? A Comparison of
Recyclers and Nonrecyclers",  Environment and Behavior, Vol. 22, No. 1, pp

Vining, J., Linn, N. And Burdge, R. (1992)  "Why Recycle?  A Comparison of
Recycling Motivations in Four Communities",  Environmental Management, Vol. 16,
No. 6, pp. 785-797.

Vining, Joanne.  "What Makes a Recycler",  Environment and Behavior,  1990:  22,
pp. 55-73.

Volokh, Alexander and Lynn Scarlett.  "Is Recycling Good or Bad-or Both?", 
Consumers Research,  September 1997, pp. 14-16.

Washington Department of Ecology.  "Solid Waste in Washington State:  Seventh
Annual Status Report",  Solid Waste and Financial Assistance Program, 
Publication #98-504,  Olympia, WA. December 1998.

Werner, C. and Makela, E. (1998)  "Motivations and Behaviors That Support
Recycling",  Journal of Environmental Psychology, Vol. 18, pp. 373-386.

West, Jonathan P., Lee, Stephanie J. and Richard C. Feiock.  "Managing Municipal
Waste:  Attitudes and Opinions of Administrators and Environmentalists", 
Environment and Behavior,  January 1992,  24:1, pp. 111-133.

Wisconsin Policy Research Institute, The Wisconsin Citizen Survey, September
1990, Milwaukee, WI, 75 pages

Zigman Joseph Stephenson, "A Quantative Survey of Wisconsin Heads of Households
for Waste Management, Inc.", Milwaukee, WI, 19 pages, October 1995

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