GreenYes Digest V97 #47

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Fri, 22 Jan 1999 16:59:54 -0500

GreenYes Digest Fri, 7 Mar 97 Volume 97 : Issue 47

Today's Topics:
2x/week trash collection
Caribbean Recycling Conference, Training and Exposition
Mandatory Recycling Summary (2 msgs)
Please post
Unit Pricing in Austin

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Date: Thu, 6 Mar 1997 07:21:14 -0800 (PST)
From: (Brenda Platt)
Subject: 2x/week trash collection

The DC Dept. of Public Works recently cancelled its curbside recycling
program. I am working, along with others, to bring it back. Currently,
the City offers twice-a-week trash collection to 30% of the homes it
serves. My preliminary data indicates that the City could save more than
$2 million a year by eliminating this second day. This one step alone
could provide most of the funding for the recycling program it cancelled,
which cost the City $2.5 million a year. I have some data on communities
that have either started or expanded their recycling and composting
programs without increasing their solid waste management budgets by
eliminating the second trash collection day. Can anyone help me identify
other communities who have done this or sources of data on this? Much

Brenda A. Platt
Institute for Local Self-Reliance
2425 18th Street, NW, Washington, DC 20009
(202) 232-4108 fax (202) 332-4108
ILSR web page


Date: 06 Mar 97 07:36:00 (-0500)
Subject: Caribbean Recycling Conference, Training and Exposition

Air fare to Trinidad:

1) Out of Miami $351.00 round trip, taxes included.

2) Out of New York $396.95 round trip, taxes included.

Contact: 718 282 9299 ask for Basyl Barrow or Wilfred Thomas AND
mention my name, Horace Morancie. Or call me at 212 264 6801 or 718
495 4977 (home).

______________________________ Reply Separator _________________________________
Subject: Caribbean Recycling Conference, Training and Exposition
Author: at internet
Date: 3/4/97 9:27 AM

We are pleased to Offer ReCaribe '97. This annual conference and exposition wil
l be held
May 4-8, 1997 at the Trinidad Hilton and Conference Centre, in Port of Spain Tri

ReCaribe '97 builds upon the success of the 1994 Island Waste Management Confere
nce, held in
Nassau, The Bahamas in January, 1994, and the 1995 Caribbean Waste Management Co
nference, held
in San Juan, Puerto Rico in November 1995.


This year's conference focuses on waste reduction and recycling opportunities, w
ith emphasis
on businesses, offices, hotels and resorts.


1) To examine the present and future business opportunities in waste reduction
and recycling
in the Caribbean;

2) To discuss innovative solutions to solid waste issues as they pertain to Car

3) To facilitate a review of the problems and weaknesses in the development of
national waste
reduction and recycling programs; and,

4) To provide opportunities for the exchange of information and ideas among gov
ernment and
commercial waste management professionals and experts from the Caribbean and els


The four-day conference includes plenary sessions, workgroup sessions, technical
sessions, technical tours, a 2-day exhibition hall, and the Annual General Meeti
ng of ReCaribe.
In addition to sessions, there are opportunities to network during planned confe
receptions, lunches, and breaks. There are optional events prior and post confe
rence including
eco-tours and golf excursions.


The solid waste management situation in the Caribbean has been undertaken in the
past by
individual countries with assistance from the Pan American Health Organization a
nd other
international agencies. Despite these national efforts there has been limited p
Regional efforts have mainly been administered through organizations such as the
Environmental Health Institute in St. Lucia. During the past decade, several at
tempts to
develop an association of solid waste professionals in the Caribbean were unsucc
essful. A
growing interest in both the public and private sectors on waste reduction and r
ecycling has
resulted in recent action, the formation of ReCaribe.


Re (for recycling) and Caribe (for the wider Caribbean) is the acronym for the W
ider Caribbean
Waste Reduction and Recycling Alliance. ReCaribe was established by resolution
at Clean Islands
International's 1995 Caribbean Waste Management Conference in Puerto Rico
( in which professionals from the Caribbean and North Ame
participated. ReCaribe is an alliance of individuals, organizations, representa
tives of
industry and governments dedicated to improving waste management practices throu
gh education and
the use and adaption of appropriate technology and methodology in the Wider Cari
bbean region.


At this year's conference, we are expecting over 200 delegates and 30 exhibitors
from the wider
Caribbean region, United States, Canada, and Europe.

Conference participants will include public and private sector waste management
and recycling
professionals, environmentalists, and representatives from relevant regional and
non-profits and non-governmental organizations, as well as representatives of ma
suppliers, and service contractors of recycling equipment and services.

Caribbean participants will include representatives of solid waste management pr
environmental health agencies, and other government agencies; commercial service
contractors and
equipment suppliers; and representatives of non-governmental organizations and n

North Americans will include representatives of companies involved in manufactur
ing, supply
and/or service of solid waste management activities, as well as representatives
of international

Resource persons will include regional and international solid waste, recycling,
environmental management experts and consultants.


Of interest are presentations of reports related to all aspects of waste reducat
ion and
recycling as related to island communities, particularly reports on projects whi
ch are or would
be successful in smaller communities of the wider Caribbean.

Presentations will be selected for their relevance to the conference's focus (th
e advancement of
waste management techniques.)

Prospective speakers are invited to fax a brief abstract and brief bio to 410-64
7-4554. Please
no more than two pages. Authors will be notified of their status and forwarded


For more information, contact Randy Brown at Clean Islands International at (410
) 647-2500.


The official language of the conference will be English.


In the United States, contact:

Randy Brown
Executive Director
Clean Islands International
and Administrator for ReCaribe
(410) 647-2500

In Trinidad contact:

Ronald A. Williams
Caribbean Coordinator
(809) 629-2572

Edison Garraway
Chief Executive Officer (Ag)
Trinidad and Tobago Solid Waste Management Company Ltd.
(809) 625-6678

In Canada contact:

David Baird
Clean Islands International
New Brunswick, Canada


Date: Thu, 6 Mar 1997 07:18:15 -0800 (PST)
From: "David A. Kirkpatrick" <>
Subject: Mandatory Recycling Summary

Durham City Council Public Hearing Testimony
Banning Recyclables from a New Landfill or Transfer Station
The First(?) Internet-Based Testimony for a Durham Hearing From Around the=

Submitted by David Kirkpatrick, Durham City-County Environmental Affairs=
Monday, March 3, 1997

Message posted to an internet email list for recycling practitioners:

"Durham, NC is considering enacting a ban on recyclables from its new
landfill or transfer station. Curbside recycling is now provided weekly for
News, Glass, Aluminum Cans and Foil, Steel Cans, PET bottles, HDPE bottles,
OCC, Aseptic packages, and Magazines. More than a dozen drop-off centers
are provided for the same commodities. Commercial collections of Glass and
OCC are provided by the city, with other commodities collected by private
recyclers. The city has a population of 155,000 and the entire county of
200,000. =20

"The logic for the ban is that the entire community should share the
responsibility for reducing waste if one neighborhood has to shoulder the
burden of a new landfill. The ban could be implemented by a three month
education campaign, followed by warning tickets on refuse containers
containing targeted recyclables, followed by non-collection of containers
with targeted recyclables, followed by actual tickets and fines.=20

"My questions for list members are: What percentage increases in tonnages
and participation rates have your communities seen when instituting
mandatory recycling? Have there been any articles or studies of the impact
of instituting mandatory recycling/landfill bans? What feedback do you have
on best ways to educate/ encourage/ enforce?

"Thanks in advance for any feedback,=20

David Kirkpatrick"

Summaries of responses:

"We conducted a voluntary pilot program in Madison that had participation
rates in the 70-75% range depending on the neighborhood. When our program
went mandatory it went up to 92% and is currently at 97%.
"I think the landfill ban is a good way to go. It is what we use here and
it seems to work.
"Enforcement is a tough one. In Madison we have yet to issue a ticket. In
fact it is not really clear who would issue them. I'd suggest that one
place you will need enforcement is at the landfill/transfer station. =20
"It is a fine line between wise enforcement at turning people off. We have
chosen to walk away from the issues as diversion and participation remain
high. We continue to educate=85"
George Drechmann, Recycling Coordinator, Madison, Wisconsin =09

"When the mandatory separation requirement went into effect in San Diego the
participation jumped from 30 - 40% to 80 -90 %=85
"They used a coordinated approach with logo, colors and slogan and various
media releases, press conferences wards, events=85 =20
"Our reaction in a urban southern California coastal population was across
the board ( single family, multi family, commercial and industrial
generators) would separate if it was convenient e.g., at the regular trash
area; and made sense=85"=20
Richard Anthony, California Resource Recovery Association Board member

"The stakeholders (in Halifax, Nova Scotia) set out an ambitious goal of
75-88% diversion based on aggressive recycling, comprehensive backyard
composting and source separated central composting and C&D diversion. =85
"A wide range of recyclables have been banned from landfill and during the
next year all organics will be banned. =85 The minimum diversion is 50% and=
believe we will exceed that=85=20
"So, with all of this attention on alternatives, the Halifax region has
moved from a 4% (recyclables) diversion range four years ago to 25% today =
and that does not yet include organics diversion which will come over the
next 9 months.
"Our conclusion therefore is that bans work. They are driving the strategy
at this stage. Considering we narrowly avoided an incineration solution
(effectively accounting for one third of the province), we have made a major
change of attitude and opinion."
Peter J. Kidd, Learning Materials Consulting Services, Halifax, Nova Scotia,

"In my past research documenting record-setting programs, I found that the
majority of communities with 40% or higher recycling levels had mandatory
programs. See ILSR's "Beyond 40 Percent: Record-Setting Recycling and
Composting Programs" and EPA's "Waste Prevention, Recycling, and Composting
Options: Lessons Learned from 30 U.S. Communities" (produced by ILSR).
Other factors, of course, are important in spurring high participation and
recycling levels: providing convenient collection service (such as curbside
and drop-off, providing bins), targeting a wide range of materials for
collection, establishing economic incentives (such as volume-based trash
fees), and undertaking comprehensive educational and promotional=
Brenda Platt, Institute for Local Self-Reliance

"New York City on educate/encourage/enforce (mandatory recycling through):
Radio, television and newspaper public service announcements. Community
newsletters, letters to community groups. House to house, door to door
delivery of flyers. Telephone numbers for local contacts and inquires.
Violation warnings. Fines."
Horace Morancie, General Services Administration, New York

"In 1991 Dane County, Wisconsin banned recyclables from the landfill it
operated. We did before and after waste sorts and estimated a 22% diversion
rate. The study was published in the 4/93 issue of Resource Recycling."
Peter Anderson, RecycleWorlds Consulting


Date: Thu, 6 Mar 1997 14:58:27 -0800
From: John McCabe <>
Subject: Mandatory Recycling Summary

Apparently there was a glitch with the posting I previously attempted.
Here's one more:

The state of Rhode Island instituted mandatory recycling (for businesses and
residents) in 1988. In 1992, I coordinated a study of the commerical
sector, and calculated that mandatory recycling had increased diversion by a
minimum of 23%.

See the March 1993 issue of Resource Recycling for more information.
John McCabe, Recycling Specialist
City of Oakland Public Works Agency, Environmental Services Division
(510) 238-SAVE (general line),

This is my "official" City of Oakland account.


Date: Mon, 3 Mar 1997 14:07:31 +0000
From: <> (Susan Appel - Nuts n Bolts Recycling)
Subject: Please post

March 1997

Dear Recycling Colleague:

Nuts 'n' Bolts is looking for a general manager. We need a new level of
experience and skill to evolve our recycling business. For me, a general
manager will mean that I can reduce the number of hours spent running
the business and re-discover life beyond recycling (is there such a
life?) For the new general manager, it will mean an exciting long-term
opportunity to be part of a growing, dynamic small business. We have 20+
years in the business and intend to be around at least 20 more.

Please pass on a copy of this job announcement to any potential
candidates. This job offers a unique opportunity to that hands-on
manager with experience in both the physical (operations) side of
recycling as well as the personnel, policy and growth management side.
This is not the job for someone who wants to keep her/his hands clean.

Please note that letters of interest and resumes are due by March 17,

Thank you in advance for your assistance. Please call me with any


Susan Appel
Nuts 'n' Bolts Recycling
2533 Westlake Ave N
Seattle, WA 98109-2235


Date: Fri, 07 Mar 1997 01:10:06 -0500
From: "Marjorie J. Clarke" <>
Subject: Unit Pricing in Austin

I'm glad to hear that Austin's unit pricing pilot program, which I read
about a few years ago and was quite well documented, is now going citywide.
Though I don't know which volumes will be most popular, some data
indicates that the trend will go down after a while in any event. (AFter
all, that is the purpose of unit pricing schemes).

What I would be very interested to know is what Austin's (or any other of
the 2800 U.S. communities which charge by the can, bag, etc..) experience
is with multi-family dwellings. I have been asking this question for over
5 years because it is the single impediment to considering unit pricing for
New York City. In these 2800 cities and towns there must be at least a few
that administer quantity-based user fees in apartment buildings. How are
the tenants charged? How do you enforce the program in a building where
everyone brings the waste to the basement or throws it down a chute? Any
answers would be greatly appreciated.

__ __
//\\ //\\ _ ___ __ o __
// \\ // \\ // \\ // \\ // \\ ||| //__\\
// \\// \\ \\__|| \\___// \\__// ||| \\___
// //
\_// \_//

Marjorie J. Clarke Environmental Scientist and Consultant
New York City Phone & Fax: 212-567-8272


End of GreenYes Digest V97 #47